She started to write Sandition, but she had never finished it. She wrote only few chapters. Regarding to publishing of her novels, all of them were published in London. By the early nineteenth century some 90 per cent of all new British books were published in the capital. As a proof, how many fans Jane Austen had and still has and how they love her, is a cult of Jane Austen. Readers want to show that their hearts belong to her and her heart belongs to them. Austen-Leigh and thus the first text to supply a sense 37 Poplawski, Paul.
However, from the beginning of the story it is not known who the main protagonist is. Also some readers can polemize that Jane Bennet is another main protagonist, but there are no reasonable exclamations. Back to the point, why Pride and Prejudice and Elizabeth Bennet are favourite ones for the author? The main reason is that this story is something like a description of her family and life, but with better ending. It is a comedy of manners and morals. Reader can find here witty and intelligent dialogues, and the sample of life of middle-class family in Regent England.
The second reason is that Elizabeth Bennet is something like an autobiographical character. Here the reader can find a lot of connections with the life of the author which will be discussed later. New York: Infobase Publishing, 47 p. Readers can see it in the last chapter of the novel. Perhaps she wanted to explain or excuse the behaviour of her characters and to show her own opinion, but it is not typical in this kind of novels that author enters into the text. It is believed that everyone knows what this story is about. It can be also said in different words from my point of view, as a searching for love in the world of prejudices and pride, hate and love, lies and searching for truth, friendship and betrayal, intrigues and sincerity, and foolishness and intelligence.
Through the different obstacles and intrigues of people which envy them, both Elizabeth and her older sister Jane find their happiness in the arms of beloved men. Their parents are very happy, that their daughters married rich husbands and their future is financial secured. What is not included in the novel is the faith of the other Bennet girls.
Jane Austen had kept their future in her head. Some modern readers want to have a continuation of the novel, but it will be not very good idea. Every reader has own imagination and own continuation of the novel. It would be a sin, if Austen had written the continuation and damaged imagination of her readers. What Matters in Jane Austen? The attention in this work is on the friendship between Charlotte Lucas and Elizabeth Bennet, and marriage with Mr Collins. These two relations are mutually linked by characters and because of this they are closer discussed in the second part. By the careful analysis it is seen how these relations are important in evolution of the story and in developing of the main character.
Characters are divided according their importance into major characters and manor characters. I will analyze mainly the manor character of the novel — Miss Charlotte Lucas and other characters which influenced her, and which she had impact on them. Characters are also divided according to their behaviour and character.
When their character can be described by one sentence, the character is called flat, and if its character does not develop throughout the story, it is called a static character. When the character of the person is complicated and it is hard to describe, it is called a round character. Dynamic character is a person, whose character is developing in the novel. Reader can see how these characters are developing throughout the story — mainly Elizabeth Bennet and Mr Darcy.
Their characters do not change and also it can be said that they are static. Characters are influenced by the setting which is closely described at the beginning of the thesis. Anderson, Walter E. She had several siblings but she was the eldest. There are a lot of expressions which tell us that Charlotte is not very pretty. Another reason for belief of her un-beauty is that Charlotte is 27 years old woman without any husband.
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Her best friend is the main character of the book, Elizabeth Bennet. He was honoured by knighthood and he took his family and move to Lucas Lodge near to Meryton. Her mother, Lady Lucas, is a good wife to her husband. I can surely say that Charlotte has many sisters and brothers. Her younger sister, Maria, is cheerful, but foolish girl.
On the advice of Lady de Bourgh he decides to marry. His first possibility was Lady Jane Bennet, but after acknowledgement of her almost— engagement, he is absolutely satisfied with Elizabeth Bennet. Her rejection hurt his pride and he receives attention and care of Miss Lucas. She is the second daughter of Bennets. Elizabeth is around twenty years old and quite pretty. She is sensible and her ideas about marriage are very romantic. She has one older sister Jane and three younger sisters: Mary, Katherine and Lydia. The last mentioned is very often compared with Charlotte in the way of their characters according to some critics.
They visited each other very often. Her husband, Mr Bennet, is a distant cousin of Mr Collins. Reader has to notice his satirical humour and his character is some kind of refreshment of the story. She is his patroness and neighbour. She is an aunt of Mr Darcy and his younger sister. Her behaviour is accurate for her quite high position.
Jane Austen's Most Widely Mocked Character is Also Her Most Subversive | Literary Hub
Maybe it seems that Lady Catherine de Bourgh is not important character and it is useless to describe her, but Jane Austen knew why she is the part of the story, and it is appropriate to mention her relationship to Miss Lucas. In Pride and Prejudice reader can find different types of friendship between characters. First type of friendship is seen in that of Lady Lucas and Mrs Bennet. They used to gossiping about their neighbours, talked about their daughters, and what is the most interesting topic for them is the marriage of their daughters.
They are trying to overtake each other. All of the negative aspects of this friendship come from Mrs. They know about their families everything; they know their feelings and minds. Their friendship had to develop gradually to be as strong as it is. Readers certainly notice that their attitude to love and marriage is different. This different attitude is a big blow for their friendship. Elizabeth cannot overcome that her good friend wanted to marry because of securing her future. This friendship is very important, and the most influential for the whole story.
Thanks to their relationship it is seen how big role has Charlotte in Pride and Prejudice. Without Charlotte, the role of Elizabeth would not be complete. The first reason is that every person in the world has its friend, and it does not matter if it is a man, or animal, and this exact reality creates the character of the person.
In our case, it is the character of the main protagonist in the book. The second reason is that Jane Austen wanted to show us all forms of behaviour in relations of Elizabeth Bennet to her family, friend, or unknown people. This friendship is between Mr Darcy and Mr Bingley, but for this work it is not important at all. The marriage in this novel is seen from different points of view. A lot of critics gave their opinion on this topic, and their opinions are different. The thesis will thoroughly examine both opinions, and throughout the examples and individual parts of book it gives the statement to this topic.
It is also discussed here how Jane Austen perceives the marriage, and how the marriage was perceived in times when author wrote the novel.
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London: The Athlone Press, p. It happens in the Lucas Lodge during another ball. She was convinced about their common future. One of the first conversations between Charlotte and Mr Collins, her future husband, occurs in Ball at Netherfield, where Charlotte takes on the responsibility of her friend to talk with Mr Collins.
She wants to show him her interest in his topics, and that she is the right one for him. Regarding to this situation, it could be said that this is the first breaking point in their friendship, although, Elizabeth do not know it. In chapter 20, Charlotte comes to visit Bennet family, and she is informed that Mr Collins proposed Elizabeth, and she refused him. Mrs Bennet tries to persuade Charlotte to take her side because all family is against her.
She cannot answer because she is interrupted by coming of Jane and Elizabeth. Anyway, she again tries to convey his attention to her, and she is successful in her work. Back to the point, she again betrays her good friend, but she also saves her from other possible proposals from Mr Collins. Charlotte pays attention to Mr Collins to gain a proposal to the marriage. Elizabeth thinks that her friend is a victim, but it is not true.
Charlotte in this situation tries to care on her interests and her future. Miss Lucas wants to announce her news to 66 Austen, Jane. London: Penguin Books Ltd, pp. It is difficult because their friendship is very important and very valuable to her. The conversation between Elizabeth and her friend is the same, as it was supposed to be.
Elizabeth is surprised and shocked. Charlotte defends herself by explanation of her character and her reasons why she decided, as she decided. After this Elizabeth wishes her all the happiness in the world. The reader has to understand that Charlotte is too old to find love in those times, and it is known that she does not believe in love. Her only chance to marry is Mr Collins, and the friendship cannot damage her future. She did not have any offers to marriage, so she had to receive the first offer, which she got. She did not want to be reliant on her family. On the other side, there are opinions of critics, and they are also different, but this topic is discussed later.
On the one hand, author gives us the picture of that time when good marriage was more valuable than the good friendship. On the other hand, she is confused and sad because she knows that her decision would break the relationship between her and Elizabeth. She knows about it, but she has to do it to be relatively happy.
This is the important point, which changes the whole story, and life of the main character. Elizabeth is convinced that their marriage cannot be happy. The friendship of Elizabeth and Charlotte is not as good as it used to be. Lizzy believes that she cannot trust her no more. Elizabeth promised her that she will Austen, Jane. She promised it due to their previous friendship. She punished him throughout the feminine role of Charlotte Lucas in the way that author gives her very bad substitution for Elizabeth.
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Charlotte let her husband to show them his beautiful garden, and she shows them her new home. In spite of this, she looks very happy, and as the right wife she takes care for the household. Her dream comes true. Elizabeth tries to find out if her 75 friend is really happy with Mr Collins. Elizabeth precisely controls behaviour of her friend; she wants to find out if Charlotte hides some feelings, or her unhappiness, or not.
Elizabeth and Mary stayed. Mr Collins solves his daily obligations in his office-room in the house, and Charlotte and her companions sit on the other side of the house. Charlotte does not want to make sit them in the dining room 73 Austen, Jane. Sleeping with Mr. Charlotte realizes that Mr Darcy would not visit her and her husband if Elizabeth had not been there. He pays attention to Elizabeth very much, and Charlotte announces it to her.
Elizabeth thinks that it is not true, and she does not believe her. Charlotte stops to talk about Darcy because 78 she does not want to give Elizabeth false hope that Mr Darcy should love her. At this example is shown that Charlotte still likes Elizabeth very much, and considers her as a very good friend, and also she does not want to hurt her feelings.
After guests leave Hunsford, Charlotte rarely steps into the story. She is sometimes mentioned in daily conversations of other characters. The role of Miss Lucas, from the point of view of friendship, is gradually smaller. Her marriage also lost its importance because Mrs Bennet is happy, that her daughters married better than Charlotte, have richer husbands, and bigger houses.
Charlotte is very happy that Elizabeth is finally with Mr Darcy, and Elizabeth finally has found her happiness. They leave Hunsford to escape the anger of Lady de Bourgh. They know they must marry before they are forcibly removed from their ancestral home by the combined powers of tradition and the aforementioned aggressively dull male cousin. They know that, in their early twenties, their eligible years are coming to a close.
But they neither rebel against the injustice nor actively seek to nullify it. Neither is bitter about the entail; it is an unavoidable consequence of fate. Glad it all worked out. Her mother sees it differently and bitterly condemns Collins and Charlotte at every opportunity, even years after their marriage. There is nothing she can do to change the legal status of herself or her daughters, but still she refuses to accept it, and she will not be quiet about the injustice of it even while those who it affects most consider the matter settled and have found superior situations.
Bennet is revolutionary in her simple and abiding refusal to shut up, even as those for whom she chiefly advocates desperately wish for her do so. While working within a system she openly acknowledges to be against her, Mrs. Bennet acts freely and without restraint.
Darcy to me, pray, that I should be afraid of him? And that is remarkable given how highly reputation is valued in her world and how little it takes to destroy one. Let us not forget that the dramatic height of the novel revolves around the horrific realization that Lydia, the youngest and silliest Bennett sister, may have pre-marital sex—and that if she does, the entire family will be destitute. Of course it is not Austen as much as the period in which she wrote that is the problem here.
Fifteen years old, Lydia is only saved from assured ruin through the help of a rich male benefactor, Mr. He acts not from any sense of morality or charity—he at first finds a possible association with Lydia so despicable as to prevent him proposing to her sister—but out of love for another, better-behaved woman and the need to protect his own reputation by association. After her marriage, Lydia is all but ostracized by her father and her sisters simply because she has the audacity not to be ashamed. Bennet, who sent the notoriously flirtatious Lydia to spend poorly supervised months with a bunch of soldiers in the first place, is content to publicly cut ties with his daughter and her husband solely out of spite.
Her actions seem to be equally condemned by Austen—she and Mr. The irony of this initial sentence introduces the novel masterfully.
While Austen flips this truth to provide humor in her narrative, she simultaneously sets the tone for the entire novel and tips readers off to her proposition that marriage is a type of career for the women in her society. The opening line of the novel is an especially amusing statement when read in conjunction with Mrs.
Bingley for one of her daughters, which would be completely unnecessary if he was so desperate for a wife. Austen wastes no time emphasizing her point that marriage is all about economics. The narrator again employs her biting wit in her description of Mrs. Bennet and what will further be revealed of her, this quip seems to criticize the farcical nature of Mrs.
The narrator encourages readers to laugh at Mrs. Bennet to help them realize the ridiculousness of Mrs. The negative portrayal of Mrs. Darcy is admired greatly, primarily for his financial situation, until it is obvious that those riches would not benefit any of the ladies present. In true satirical style, Austen makes readers laugh at something that at the time would have been commonplace.
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Another way that Austen exposes the occupational nature of marriage is through her characterization. Again, Mrs. There are several other characters who are presented primarily because of their views or actions concerning marriage, and one prime example is Mr. He is undeniably a ridiculous character, and it is easy to identify what makes him so absurd.
Collins does not execute social norms properly and is consequently the fool of the story. One of his laughable qualities is his vocalization of implicit social norms, such as his telling Mr. Bennet that he practiced compliments for women before he talked to them. Collins patroness; she is Lady Catherine de Bourgh, Mr. She encourages Mr. Collins and Lady Catherine vocally recognize the economics involved in marriage, but their opinions are by no means praised by the narrator or by Elizabeth.
Everything about Mr. Collins—from his letter writing to his disastrous dancing to his incessant discussion of Lady Catherine—is preposterous. He essentially uses matrimony to get ahead in his career and Austen has no sympathy for this attitude. We see that her characterization of Mrs.
Bennet and Mr. Collins emphasizes their occupational views of marriage relationships. However, it is unclear whether Austen criticizes them individually for having these views on marriage or commenting on the condition of a society in which this is the reality of the matrimonial state. Charlotte Lucas is characterized favorably as a sensible and thoughtful young woman, worthy to be the best friend of the hero, Elizabeth. The fact that Mr. She is aware of his shortcomings when she accepts him.